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A Hydrogen Decrepitation Press-Less Process (HD-PLP) recycling method for recycling of anisotropic NdFeB magnets is demonstrated. The method combines hydrogen decrepitation (HD) disintegration of the initial magnet, powder sieving and the Press-Less Process (PLP), where hydride powder is sintered in a graphite mold. We ascribe the volume expansion during ATF aging to the incorporation of hydrogen dissociated from the organic liquid ATF into the melt-spun NdFeB powder. Hydrogen is known to diffuse into the Nd2Fe14B crystal structure [2–4] and occupy interstitial sites to form the isomorphic hydride Nd2Fe14BHx with up to x=5 H per formula …

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Jan 1, 2006 · Several recycling methods for NdFeB magnets have been developed, such as direct reuse,4 hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and regeneration of new NdFeB,5–7 pyrometallurgical methods,8,9 hydrometallurgical methods,10–13 gas-phase extraction. Direct reuse is only suitable for large magnets, such as those used for wind turbines, electric motors, and ... Abstract. This paper reports the desorption of hydrogen from NdFeB powder, and unmilled material, produced using hydrogen decrepitation as a pre-milling technique, investigated using a mass spectrometer to monitor the hydrogen partial pressure in the system as the sample was heated under vacuum from room temperature to …A combination of hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and jet milling (JM) has been used to produce powder for the processing of permanent magnets. ... The procedure has proved to be very successful for both NdFeB (Neomax) alloys and the NdDyFeNbB high coercivity alloys. The magnets produced by the HD/JM process showed excellent …calcium [12] and hydrogen decrepitation [1,13-19]. Many of these are under current development. Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) is based on the selective synthesis of …Jun 27, 2014 · The scrap sintered Nd–Fe–B magnets were recycled as the raw materials for bonded magnets using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The HD powders have the lowest oxygen and hydrogen content by hydrogenation at 150 °C with 1 bar H2 pressure and dehydrogenation at 600 °C. The powders with the largest particle size (>380 μm) bear the best magnetic properties (B r = 110.59 emu/g, H cj ... Sprecher, et al. [8] compared the environmental impact of producing virgin NdFeB magnets to producing recycled NdFeB magnets from waste computer hard disk drives (HDDs) using hydrogen decrepitation. The results showed that recycling in general was more favorable to the environment, and this was especially true for manual …Originated by Professor Rex Harris, the hydrogen decrepitation method, which is used to reduce NdFeB alloys to a powder, is now ubiquitously employed in worldwide magnet processing.In this paper it is demonstrated that hydrogen could play a vital role in this process. Fully dense sintered NdFeB-type magnets have been subjected to the …A high performance sintered NdFeB magnet with N52 was prepared by strip casting, hydrogen decrepitation, jet milling, rubber isostatic pressing with impulse magnetic field and vibrating. The structure of the magnet was investigated by XRD, optical microscope, TEM and SEM, and its demagnetization curve was tested by magnetograph. The results …Jan 1, 2020 · Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) can be used as a direct reuse approach and effective method of recycling process to turn solid sintered magnets into a demagnetised powder for further processing. The fabrication of Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets is composed of quite a few processes mainly including strip casting, hydrogen decrepitation, jet-milling, magnetic alignment and pressing, sintering and subsequent heat treatment, machining, and surface coating. ... Possible methods of recycling NdFeB-type sintered magnets using the …An effective and complete processing route for the recycling of sintered Nd-Fe-B scrap magnets was proposed. Sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets were subjected to the Hydrogen Decrepitation (HD) process at various temperatures in the range of 50–300 °C, at two different pressures, 50 kPa and 200 kPa, followed by vacuum dehydrogenation in …This means that NdFeB magnets are prone to galvanic corrosion, in particular, intergranular corrosion attack. The corrosion mechanism as well as the hydrogen decrepitation behaviour of microcrystalline (i.e. sintered) magnets has been studied extensively [11], [12], [13], [14].Jun 27, 2014 · The scrap sintered Nd–Fe–B magnets were recycled as the raw materials for bonded magnets using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The HD powders have the lowest oxygen and hydrogen content by hydrogenation at 150 °C with 1 bar H2 pressure and dehydrogenation at 600 °C. The powders with the largest particle size (>380 μm) bear the best magnetic properties (B r = 110.59 emu/g, H cj ... Jul 8, 2020 · The application of hydrogen decrepitation (HD) as a process for recycling Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets was reported in [ 6 ], in which the essential role of hydrogen in the recycling process was demonstrated. The obtained magnetic properties of the recycled magnet were ( BH) max = 290 kJ/m 3 (±5 kJ/m 3 ), Br = 1240 mT (±50 mT) and jHc = 830 kA/m ... We ascribe the volume expansion during ATF aging to the incorporation of hydrogen dissociated from the organic liquid ATF into the melt-spun NdFeB powder. Hydrogen is known to diffuse into the Nd2Fe14B crystal structure [2–4] and occupy interstitial sites to form the isomorphic hydride Nd2Fe14BHx with up to x=5 H per formula …

Nov 15, 2021 · After the hydrogen decrepitation process, the powders were pulverized by either He-jet milling or N 2-jet milling, obtaining a powder with a particle size of ~0.8 µm for the HDDR processed and He-jet milled sample, ~1.0 µm for the He-jet milled sample, and ~3.0 µm for the N 2-jet milled sample. The rapid cooling of the strip flakes suppresses the growth of soft α-Fe branch crystal grains. The thickness of the strip flakes was about 0.25–0.35 mm. Hydrogen decrepitation (HD), which uses the expansion of hydrogen to break up the flakes, was followed by milling in a jet mill (JM). The particles were then accelerated to supersonic ...Hydrogen Decrepitation is a process step used in the production of Neodymium magnets to create extremely small grains in the material. Neodymium magnets must have very small grains averaging about 5 micrometers in order to have the best magnetic properties. But the grain sizes after casting are much larger than that, so they must be ground down ... As starting materials, magnets of different grades were used, which were processed by hydrogen decrepitation and blending the powder with NdH x. Composition inhomogeneity in the Nd 2 Fe 14 B-based magnetic phase grains in the recycled magnets and the existence of a core-shell structure consisting of a Nd-rich (Dy-depleted) core and …

The scrap sintered Nd–Fe–B magnets were recycled as the raw materials for bonded magnets using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The HD powders have the lowest oxygen and hydrogen content by hydrogenation at 150 °C with 1 bar H2 pressure and dehydrogenation at 600 °C. The powders with the largest particle size (>380 μm) …Jan 1, 2006 · Several recycling methods for NdFeB magnets have been developed, such as direct reuse,4 hydrogen decrepitation (HD) and regeneration of new NdFeB,5–7 pyrometallurgical methods,8,9 hydrometallurgical methods,10–13 gas-phase extraction. Direct reuse is only suitable for large magnets, such as those used for wind turbines, electric motors, and ... Hydrogen absorption/adsorption properties of high coercivity NdDyFeCoNbCuB sintered magnets were determined. Hydrogenation kinetics were analyzed using both differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Hydrogenation of the Nd-rich intergranular phase results in a rather broad and large peak ……

Reader Q&A - also see RECOMMENDED ARTICLES & FAQs. 1. Introduction. The hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process . Possible cause: The behavior of hydrogen absorption in the NdFeB Hydrogen Decrepitation pr.

Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process and re-sintering NdFeB magnet scrap recycling by processing it in hydrogen, then milling, aligning, pressing and re-sintering it [38–40] Although different methods for NdFeB magnet recycling have been reported in the literature, only one piece of technology has been applied in practice by the Urban MiningHydrogen Decrepitation is a process step used in the production of Neodymium magnets to create extremely small grains in the material. Neodymium magnets must have very small grains averaging about 5 micrometers in order to have the best magnetic properties. But the grain sizes after casting are much larger than that, so they must be ground down ... Abstract. This paper reports the desorption of hydrogen from NdFeB powder, and unmilled material, produced using hydrogen decrepitation as a pre-milling technique, investigated using a mass spectrometer to monitor the hydrogen partial pressure in the system as the sample was heated under vacuum from room temperature to …

Abstract: Hydrogen decrepitation (HD) is an effective and environmentally friendly technique for recycling of neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets. During the …Various anti-corrosion coatings used on commercially available NdFeB-type magnets were comparatively examined for their durability and suitability for magnet reprocessing by hydrogen-assisted recycling (HPMS). Layer thickness and structure were determined by systematic microstructural analysis, and a standardized corrosion test …The scrap sintered Nd–Fe–B magnets were recycled as the raw materials for bonded magnets using the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process. The HD powders have the lowest oxygen and hydrogen content by hydrogenation at 150 °C with 1 bar H2 pressure and dehydrogenation at 600 °C. The powders with the largest particle size (>380 μm) …

Dec 25, 2017 · Recycling of Nd-Fe-B magnets is Oct 30, 2018 · The Hydrogen Decrepitation and the Hydrogen Disproportionation Desorption Recombination processes for the preparation and the recycling of the two industrially produced phases of SmCo alloys, SmCo5 and Sm2Co17, are reviewed. The effects of the chemical composition, the microstructure, the exposure time, the hydrogen pressure, and the temperature on the hydrogen absorption are discussed. The ... Sep 20, 2016 · Hydrogen decrepitation of Pre-dismantled Computer HDDs. The University of Birmingham (UK) has developed a hydrogen-processing method to extract sintered NdFeB magnets from computer hard disk drives [13, 41]. During this process, either the voice coil assemblies from the hard disk drive or the cropped corner from the drive is exposed to hydrogen ... Unfortunately, the contained NdFeB magnets break up into Permanent magnets produce magnetic fields Oct 1, 2013 · The behavior of hydrogen absorption in the NdFeB Hydrogen Decrepitation process is affected by the shape of the NdFeB alloy, pressure and temperature curves of the reaction process, which makes the reaction process with characteristics of nonlinear, time-varying parameters and coupling. In this study, we proposed a state space modeling method to describe the dynamic mechanism model of the ... magnets. The thermal and mechanical impact of the h The MMG has been active in the field of rare earth alloys and processing of permanent magnets using hydrogen for over 40 years. Originated by Professor Emeritus Rex Harris, the hydrogen decrepitation method, which is used to reduce NdFeB alloys to a powder, is now ubiquitously employed in worldwide magnet processing. Sadly, one of the most common RE magnets, NdFeB, is produced as powder by strip casting and jet milling or by hydrogen decrepitation process, both of which yield irregular/angular powders. Such irregular powders exhibit low flowability making them unfit for most advanced manufacturing techniques. This work presents the use of an induction ... This way of powdering known as hydrogen decrHydrogen decrepitation (HD) of Nd-Fe-B cast Jul 14, 2000 · The decrepitation process and related High performance NdFeB permanent magnets are widely manufactured using the conventional powder metallurgy route involving distinct steps: alloy synthesis by strip casting, pulverization by hydrogen decrepitation and jet milling, shaping by compaction and sintering followed by annealing [32]. Every step of this manufacturing process has …The processing and characterisation of recycled NdFeB based magnets. S. Adrwish. Materials Science. 2013. The scrap magnets were turned into a powder using the HD process. The powder was milled for specific times and sintered for 1-3hrs at 1090 °C. The magnet samples were measured using a permeameter to…. Expand. PDF. Abstract. This paper reports the room te May 5, 2023 · The first is the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process, which is already used in the primary production of NdFeB magnets to convert the alloy into powder form before further comminution. 46 The second process, named HDDR, which consists of two different steps, namely hydrogenation–disproportionation (HD) and desorption–recombination (DR), was ... Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Possible methods[calcium [12] and hydrogen decrepitation [1,13-19The gravimetric measurements also confirmed Apr 15, 2022 · An effective and complete processing route for the recycling of sintered Nd-Fe-B scrap magnets was proposed. Sintered Nd-Fe-B magnets were subjected to the Hydrogen Decrepitation (HD) process at various temperatures in the range of 50–300 °C, at two different pressures, 50 kPa and 200 kPa, followed by vacuum dehydrogenation in the range of 720–820 °C. NdFeB-based alloys and magnets also react readily with hydrogen, and this has been exploited by the hydrogen decrepitation (HD) process [4]. During HD the material is exposed to hydrogen (at room temperature) and initially the Nd-rich phase absorbs hydrogen (represented approximately by Eq.